Ponds are small areas of still, fresh water. Ponds can be created by nature or by people. They are found in gardens, forests, grasslands and more. There are two types of ponds, permanent and temporary.

Think Questions
Pre-K – Grade 1
  • What do you notice about the pond? Can you describe the shape and size of the pond?

  • Can you think of another example of an herbivore or carnivore?

Think Questions
Grade 2 – Grade 5
  • Can you think of another example of a food chain?

  • Why do you think there are different zones for vegetation?

  • How does photosynthesis play a role in the pond?

Types of Ponds

Permanent: Permanent ponds exist all year.

Vernal (temporary): Vernal ponds develop in the spring when rain and melting snow fill in the ground. They dry up in the summer.

frogs, toads, great diving beetle, leeches, newts
  • Large ponds: water voles and water shrews – and birds like ducks, herons and kingfishers.

  • Small ponds: amphibians (frogs, toads and newts), small fish (sticklebacks), and a huge variety of invertebrates.

pond vegetation grows in areas called zones
  • Bankside zone: The area farthest away from the pond but is still damp- willowherb, meadowsweet

  • Marsh zone: at the water’s edge- yellow iris, mud-sedge, attracts frogs

  • Aquatic zone: duckweed, frogbit, water lilies

Food Chain: 
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